Citation is a tiresome topic, especially when it comes to scientific work. There are a number of rules, and it is dangerous to forget to mark a quote, because it can quickly be construed as a scam.
Also, not every first best statement should be quoted, because especially on websites, a lot is being reproduced that is wrong, why it is important to think carefully who or what should be quoted. It is therefore not only important to quote correctly, but also to make a good choice in terms of quoting.
Citing can also infringe copyright, which is why it is governed in the case law, §51 UrgH. Quotations, especially in science, are of enormous importance, since citation can be used to express facts or already existing research or the like. Quotations are an advantage, if not only the content, but also the formulation play a role.
It may also be that a person enjoys a special credibility and it would be important to show that this person is also of the same opinion, as this person may have been known for many years in one area to be an expert. Quotations are literally accepted passages from other texts but also from other media.
How do you quote correctly?
At first, be careful not to overcall. When writing scientific papers, it is important to present your own opinion, which blurs when you quote too much. Formulate yourself what you think so that you can clearly see what your opinion is. If a thesis can be put into a better position as a citation, citation itself is legitimate but just to a reasonable degree.
A quote is always to be marked by quotation marks at the beginning and at the end.
Quotes within a quote must be made recognizable by half quotation marks.
Quotations have to be taken over in principle, completely, if you want to omit something, this must be marked by ellipsis and parentheses.
Also own insertions into a quote must, as here in this example, be made clear by brackets
The source of the quote must be stated, for which there are different regulations depending on the source.
Quotes, are introduced by indenting, in your own work
When quoting must be specified where the quote comes from and also apply to it special rules. For example, there is a fundamental distinction between sources from print media and the Internet. It is possible to summarize the sources as a footnote or in a bibliography. Sources can be there:
Books and magazines
Public documents, legal documents,
News magazines, movies, radio broadcasts
For this purpose, a number of specific data must be specified for the source. If this is a book, the following information must be provided:
Name of the author known in this respect
if necessary, name the translator
Publishing type, publisher name and year
to provide page indication
If this is a journal, the following data is available:
Name of the author
Title of the text
Name of the magazine, the newspaper or the magazine
Vintage or ribbon
Sources from the internet
As mentioned earlier, finding sources on the Internet can be dangerous. Even the encyclopedia Wikipedia is considered to be disreputable when it comes to reasonably inform let alone use it as a source. Very questionable is the control over authors and texts, it is generally known that articles with political relevance are very interest-oriented and thus enjoy very little trust.
Scientific texts, especially for the beginner, but are good to use although these are not always error-free. It is therefore advisable for an academic work to refer to classical sources, such as literature, which in any case has to be read, and if it is only a question of safety. It is different when it comes to databases set up by universities, in which digitized information of any kind can be found. These are absolutely trustworthy and can be used without hesitation.
What are reputable online sources on the internet?
Free ISBN search engines
Material of the National Library
Databases of the universities
Databases of organizations
Databases of authorities and the government
If sources from the Internet are to be consulted and given, it goes without saying that certain standards must be complied with. You should definitely wonder if these sources are the right one. For the indication of source in any case, the following data must be given.
URL of the website on which the information can be found
Specify the publisher of the web pages
Include name of the website also in the entire source
If you want to quote correctly from Internet pages, you must also include the date of the last call, as it may be that, for example, if your bachelor thesis is examined, the page is no longer available and your quote can not be verified. In the event that this information is missing on the website is instead to mark with “o.J.”. The citation of Internet sources in the footnote is of course allowed, as is usual citation. A bibliography of Internet sources without an author is also possible if this is not known. For more tips on citing, visit the pages at https://en.wikipedia.org/. Here you can see many samples and examples. If you are unsure about how to use the citation, you have the opportunity to have your final paper proofread by an editor. Lecturers do not only check whether the citation is correct, but also whether the work was written in a tone appropriate for an academic thesis. In addition, reviewers also examine the work for other problems, such as spelling or grammatical errors.